Moscow University Press


Вычислительно сложные задачи теории чисел Complex Hard Computational Problems in Number Theory

The textbook examines in detail the four problems that have attracted researchers’ attention in the past few decades: prime factorization of large composite numbers, computation of discrete logarithms in the multiplicative residue group by a prime modulus, the solution of large sparse systems of linear equations over finite fields, the computation of the rank of elliptic curves defined over field of rational numbers. The fastest algorithms for solving the first two problems are based on what is known to be a numerical field sieve algorithm that reduces them to the solution of large sparse systems of linear equations over finite fields. These systems are so large that conventional solution algorithms are not applicable to them. Special block iterative algorithms are used instead. This area of the applied number theory is now being actively developed around the world due to its application in cryptography. Because of the absence of lower complexity estimates for solving these number-theoretic problems, the only way to verify the reliability of the cryptographic algorithms used is by running a practical test involving most advanced algorithms and most powerful computers.

Вячеслав Петрович Волгин Vyacheslav Petrovich Volgin

The monograph is dedicated to the academician Vyacheslav Petrovich Volgin, a historian and rector of the Moscow University. A graduate of the Faculty of History and Philology, a revolutionary and a publicist after the October Revolution, he became directly involved in university reforms and often initiated them. He had to run MSU in a most difficult period of its history when the entire system of higher education was being overhauled and there was a search for the best version of university restructuring as educational curricula were being revised to train specialists for the young socialist state. Most of the illustrations have been published for the first time.

The book is addressed to the widest possible circle of readers.

Г.Н. Голубев. Научные работы. Страницы жизни. Путешествия. Воспоминания G.N. Golubev. Scientific Works. Pages of Life. Travels. Memoirs.

Th is book has been written for memory of Genady Nikolaevich Golubev, professor of faculty of geography of Moscow State University. It includes selected papers written by G.N. Golubev, memories by his colleagues, friends and family members, biographic facts, photos taken during his numerous journeys. Th ese materials show uncommonly colorful and intensive life of the scientist who devoted his life to exploration of global ecological problems. G.N. Golubev had been a profound researcher, eff ectual director of science and internationally recognized practitioner in global environmental policy. Due to his works, a new discipline «Geoecology» has already occupied a solid position among other courses of Russian universities. His mission in the UNEP (1981—1989) and other international environmental organizations strengthened the prestige of Russian geographical sciences on international level.

Гарантии избирательных прав граждан: вопросы теории и практики Guarantees of Citizens’ Electoral Rights: Issues of Theory and Practice

The present monograph considers guarantees of citizens’ electoral rights as a scientific category of Russia’s constitutional law, which forms the basis for developing hypotheses, concepts, laws and theories of voting rights. After selecting this category as the center of the ‘conceptual grid’ the author studies it through the prism of the legal system and the mechanism of legal regulation.

The construction of structural and functional conceptual legal lines using the category of guarantees of citizens' electoral rights is accompanied by examples from federal normative legal acts, regulatory legal acts of the Russian Federation constituents, law enforcement acts of courts and election commissions, existing as of the first half of 2013.

The book makes much use of the historical-legal method of research and also analyses the constitutional and legal foundations of the existing Russian legislation which guarantees citizens’ right to vote. It examines current problems in this area and suggests ways of resolving them.

For specialists in electoral law, employees of government agencies, local self-government bodies, school and university students of law and a wide range of readers who are interested in the recognition, implementation and protection of citizens’ electoral rights.

Гарантирующий подход и L-аппроксимация в задачах оценивания параметров БИНС при стендовых испытаниях Guaranteed Approach and l 1-Norm Approximation in the Problems of SDINS Parameter Estimation under Bench Testing

The book investigates two problems of estimating the parameters of strapdown inertial navigation systems (SDINS) and gives a detailed description of their solutions by using the methods of non-smooth optimization.

The first part of the book considers the application of the guaranteed approach to the bench calibration scheme of the SDINS accelerometer blocks. It also describes an optimal experiment plan and develops an iterative algorithm of SDINS bench calibration that improves calibration accuracy. The second part is devoted to l 1-Norm Approximation (the least modules method) in navigational estimation problems. Particular attention is paid to the problem of detecting salutatory variations in the bias of zeros of the SDINS sensors under bench testing.

Both parts present simulation results illustrating the effectiveness of the proposed methods and the features of their use in solving specific problems.

The book is intended for specialists in navigation and assessment.

Генезис просадочности лессовых пород Genesis of Loessial Rock Subsidence

The monograph describes subsidence as a specific property of loessial rocks, its genetic types, hypotheses that have been advanced in this field, some experimental evidence that was obtained both in the course of laboratory modeling and in the study of processes in virgin rock. It considers logical and graphic models of subsidence formation of loess rocks of different genesis and formulates the main provisions of particular and general theories of loess subsidence formation.

For geologists, geologic engineers, geographers, soil scientists as well as undergraduate and postgraduate students of geology and engineering geology.

География почв России Geography of Russian Soils

The textbook ‘Geography of Russian Soils’ is a revised edition of the 1987 book ‘Geography of USSR Soils’ in line with new material and ideas. It contains a regional description of Russia’s soil cover based on the geography of soil-forming processes and provides brief information about the physicogeographical features of its major regions. The first part of the book describes the main theories of soil geography and gives an overview of small-scale soil maps. The second part deals with the genesis and evolution of soils typical of specific regions and discusses anthropogenic changes in soils and some aspects of soil classification. Thus, the textbook reflects modern ideas about the composition of Russia’s soil cover, causes of its formation and factors that determine its differentiation.

For undergraduate and postgraduate students of geography, pedology, specialists in environmental protection, forestry and agriculture.

Геология и геохимия нефти и газа Geology and Geochemistry of Oil and Gas

This textbook (its first edition was in 2000, the second one – in 2004) covers all major questions of oil and gas geology and geochemistry – hydrocarbon origin, migration and accumulation, the composition of gas, oil and its derivatives and their distribution conditions in the earth's crust. Hydrocarbon formation is considered as a pervasive process and a natural outcome of the development of the earth's crust. Particular attention is paid to the role of fluid dynamic processes in the formation of oil- and gas-bearing structures in sedimentary basins. Typification of sedimentary basins is based on modern geodynamics using the latest ideas about the structure of the earth's crust and the nonlinear processes of tectogenesis and lithogenesis. The book highlights the role oil and gas play in the economy, fuel and energy balance of the world and the country.

For university students studying in the specialty ‘Geology and geochemistry of fossil fuels.’

Германские канцлеры от Бисмарка до Меркель German Chancellors from Bismarck to Merkel

The book represents the country’s first literary account of the life and work of all the thirty German chancellors from the creator of the German Empire Otto von Bismarck to early 21st century chancellors Gerhard Schroeder and Angela Merkel. Drawing on a wide range of literature, the author, a well-known Germanist, gives a portrait of the chancellors against a broad historical background revealing the foundations, essence and purpose of their policies. The liveliness of the presentation and the striking characteristics of the German Chancellors distinguish this work written in the best traditions of the historical and biographical genre.

For professional historians, university lecturers, teachers, students and all those who are interested in German history.

Глобальные исследования и эволюционный подход Global Research and Evolutionary Approach

The monograph deals with the problems of globalization of science, new directions in the development of global studies and globalistics stimulated by using the evolutionary approach. Evolutionary globalistics focuses on studying the development and co-evolution of global processes and systems and their systemic-synergetic phenomenon – global development.

The concept of evolutionary globalistics is disclosed in the context of universal (global) evolutionism and the prospect of transitioning to new, safer forms of civilization development and its interaction with the nature of the Earth and the Cosmos. The book forecasts a possible unfolding of future global processes – a transition to sustainable development and the making of the sphere of the mind (the noosphere). Particular attention is paid to the methods and approaches used in globalistics, as well as the spatial and temporal expansion of global research. It investigates the evolution of globalistics itself including the development of such study areas as political and legal globalistics and informational globalistics. It also subdivides globalistics into temporal sections – paleoglobalistics, neoglobalistics, futuroglobalistics and nooglobalistics and the spatial one – cosmoglobalistics.

For specialists, teachers, postgraduate students and a wide range of readers who are interested in the problems of evolutionary globalistics.

Глобальные социоприродные процессы и системы Global Socio-Natural Processes and Systems

This is the first Russian-language textbook on the subject of global socio-natural processes and provides basic information about global studies or globalistics and global systems, processes and problems. It consistently examines global processes in interconnection with the geospheres as planetary global systems: the endogenous and exogenous lithospheres, atmosphere, hydrosphere, cryosphere, biosphere, pedosphere, climate, and urboshpere. The complexity and socio-natural unity of global processes are demonstrated when considering global climate change and urbanization. All the global socio-natural processes are illustrated with cartographic and photographic material.

For university students studying in the following specialties and areas: globalistics, geopolitics, sociology, political science, economics, geology, geography, ecology, biology, etc.

Глобальный эволюционизм: идеи, проблемы, гипотезы Global Evolutionism: Ideas, Problems, Hypotheses

Global evolutionism underpins the modern general scientific picture of the world and the form of knowledge about global evolution in which self-organization of material systems is the main permanent process of progressive development in the observable Universe. The book proposes an original interpretation of global evolution, reveals the content of the concept of planetary and universal evolution as well as the basic principles and methods to study them. Considerable attention is paid to the forms of dark matter and their impact on evolution, the anthropic cosmological principle and the prospects for interaction between human civilization and the Universe. The monograph discusses problems of global process evolution, especially their socio-natural development in the context of future general planetary transition to sustainable development and the formation of the noosphere.

The monograph was prepared at the Faculty of Global Processes, Lomonosov Moscow State University, in the Center for Global Processes and Sustainable Development of the Russian Trade and Economic University and at the Department of Social Sciences and Technology of the National Research Technological University MISIS.

Город в пореформенной России: социокультурные и правовые аспекты
Городская семья ХVIII в. Семейно-правовые акты купцов и разночинцев Москвы The 18th Century Town Family. Family Law Acts Concerning Moscow Merchants and Commoners

The publication includes more than 380 family law documents discovered in the 18th century archives and related to representatives of Moscow unprivileged classes. Among them are testaments, church records of baptism, marriage and divorce and other civil states concerning merchants, the minor and the major orders, clerks, all kind of commoners (‘raznochintsy’): retired soldiers, doctors, pharmacists, etc.), including members of the corporation of foreign merchants and the local guild merchants and their descendants as well as foreigners at large. The large array of family-law documents now being introduced into scientific research contains unique information about the division of family property, marital obligations, accession to heirship and inheritance, conjugal relations, parent- child relations, child-rearing, care for the old and the disabled, spiritual salvation and charity. They reflect the ways of domestic life and its material and spiritual values.

For historians and a wide range of readers.

Государственное наградное право State Award Law

The monograph deals with the theoretical basis of state awards as an interdisciplinary legal institution in which the norms of constitutional law have a priority. The book analyzes two aspects of Russia’s modern state award system - the federal state award system (the award system of the Russian Federation) and the state award system in the RF constituents. This work analyses in detail the state and other awards of the Russian Federation and examines general and characteristic features of state and other awards in the constituents of the Russian Federation.

The publication is intended for special courses in ‘State Awards’, ‘Russian Award Law’ and others under similar names, and can be used as additional educational material in the study of courses in the RF constitutional law and the RF administrative law with regard to the powers of the state executive bodies.

For undergraduate and postgraduate students, law school and faculty teachers as well as all those interested in RF state awards.

The normative legal acts of the Russian Federation and the RF constituents cited in the book are given as of January 1, 2014.

Государственное управление имеет значение Public Administration Matters

Professor V.A. Nikonov’s open lecture that he read to students at the Public Administration Faculty, Lomonosov Moscow State University, on September 3, 2012.

The lecture examines the role of public administration in the history of the rise and fall of great states. Numerous examples show the importance of management models, managerial innovations that led one or another nation to the climax of its historical development ensuring unprecedented economic growth, political advantage and the superpower status. A comparative approach to the understanding of history allows us to identify the opportunities and results of using managerial technologies in a sociocultural and historical context, to show that the great states of the past that aspired to be a superpower were created not only by using military force, army, economic influence but also by unifying culturally and ideologically their peoples with the help of common religion, language and value imperatives. For instance, the importance the Arab rulers attached to education, science and its practical application ensured vitality and global influence for their world. However, the closed traditional Arab society lost its historic leadership when it failed to meet the challenge of modernization. This challenge was taken up by Europe that created a new scientistic technogenic civilization, a new global order.

The West posits desacralized ‘Weltanschauung’, market economy and democratic politics as the cornerstone of a unipolar world project and a response to the challenges of globalism. In its struggle for world leadership the West’s opponent and rival is modern China, whose civilizational characteristics and governance models have ensured her a superpower status. The civilizational approach allows us to consider the history of mankind as an integral process of interaction between civilizations and as a struggle for historical leadership. In this philosophical and methodological paradigm, history fully becomes a teacher for professional managers.

Государственный аудит State Audit

The manual covers the program of ‘State and Municipal Audit’ course for students of School of State Audit (Lomonosov Moscow State University) and describes the basic elements of the fi nancial control, the state fi nancial control and the state audit in Russia. The basic features of the accepted mode of public audit, especially their implementation in the activity of Accounting Chamber of Russia are revealed. The experience of international organizations of the supreme bodies of audit and problems of the state audit standardization in Russia are described.

For students, teachers, scientists and experts, and for all who is interested in the problem.

Гуманитарная миссия современной глобализирующейся коммуникативистики Humanitarian Mission of Modern Globalizing Communication Science

The book introduces new theoretical concepts and trends of foreign communication science. It is based on the analysis of the fundamental research by prominent representatives of this globalizing science, which studies the humanitarian aspects of media development.

For teachers and students of journalism faculties, specialists in various fields of information activities and for a wide range of readers who are interested in the role of communication factors in the socio-cultural life of the modern world.

Гуманитарное образование. Ответ на вызов времени Humanitarian Education. An Answer to Modern Challenges

The book consists of two parts. In the first part, the author reflects on the value of Russia's cultural heritage in terms of an individual’s development in modern information society and formulates original proposals on a whole range of topical issues of education in the humanities. The content of the second part is based on the author’s numerous publications that expound the new theory of early effective development of child’s intelligence and cognitive-emotional sphere.

The scientific and practical outcomes of O.S. Fomicheva’s works have gained wide international recognition. The International Institute for Advanced Studies in Systems Research and Cybernetics has awarded her with a commemorative medal ‘For creating and developing a new scientific discipline – cognitonics; for highly innovative research and significant contribution to deepening knowledge in this field.’

For a wide range of readers.