The book contains the material of lectures on analytical geometry at the Faculty of Mechanics and Mathematics of Lomonosov Moscow State University.
This publication is both a textbook and a problem book on the courses of analytical geometry, the basics of higher algebra and linear algebra, created based on the materials of lectures and seminars that the authors have read and conducted for several years for 1st-year students of the Faculty of Space Research of Lomonosov Moscow State University.
The publication covers all topics necessary for future researchers with a good mathematical background. Each section is equipped with an impressive set of tasks, the solution of which will provide a good understanding of the subject.
For university and university students with advanced study of mathematics.
This book is a fundamental textbook (in two volumes) on biophysics, which presents the basics of modern biophysical science.
The first volume sets forth the theoretical foundations of biophysics. It places special emphasis on the problems of mathematical modeling of biological processes at different levels of living matter organization. It considers physical features, dynamic and electronic properties of the structural unit of living matter – the macromolecule as well as physicochemical mechanisms of energy transformation in biostructures.
The second volume (Chapters 15–30) deals with the physicochemical mechanisms of major processes that occur in organisms. It discusses in detail the issues of biological membrane structure and functioning, bioelectrogenesis, muscle contraction, reception, electron transfer and energy transformation in biomembranes. It considers the mechanisms of primary phases of photobiological processes including photosynthesis, sense of vision, photochemical reactions in biopolymers.
For students, postgraduates and multi-discipline specialists who are interested in the physicochemical foundations of life processes.
The textbook reveals ideas about the subject and structure of the science of journalism. The basis is the characteristic of the essence of mass information activity. Such fundamental issues as the social role of the media, the peculiarities of the functioning of this social institution based on the requirements of the information order in a democratic society are outlined. A special place is given to the freedom of the media and journalistic activity, ensuring information security through the optimal functioning of various social types of media, counting on their effective performance of the role of the "fourth power".
For students of higher educational institutions.
This is a systematic presentation of the course in the line of solid-phase materials with special properties, which is read at the Faculty of Materials Science, Lomonosov Moscow State University. It considers features of the chemical bond and structure of solids, thermodynamics, kinetics, and the mechanism of solid-phase reactions leading to the formation of practically important materials and gives an overview of the main classes of modern materials and methods for obtaining them. The book reflects many years of experience in teaching this discipline at the Faculty of Materials Science and the Faculty of Chemistry, Lomonosov Moscow State University.
For university students of materials science, chemistry and physics; it will be useful for graduate students, teachers and specialists working in the field of materials science, chemistry and solid-state physics.
The textbook examines factors and general patterns of geographical distribution of soils, principles of pedogeographical zoning. It characterizes the soil cover of Russia and neighboring countries and describes conditions of soil formation, genetic features of the most widespread soils and regional features of the soil cover structure and specificity of economic use of soils. The book outlines the world history of soil mapping, gives a brief overview of the soil cover in the world’s pedological and bioclimatic belts and regions and analyzes the land resources of Russia and the world, ways of soil cover rational use and protection.
For students of university faculties of soil, biology and soil and geography and natural sciences and the geographical faculties of teacher-training colleges, faculties of agrochemistry and soil science in agricultural universities.
A detailed summary of the compulsory course of ordinary differential equations, which has been read by the author for many years for students of the Faculty of Mechanics and Mathematics of Lomonosov Moscow State University, is presented. The textbook introduces readers to the geometric interpretation of the first-order equation, with the first integrals, special points and limit cycles of autonomous systems, with the theory of linear equations and systems, including constant and periodic coefficients, with the questions of the existence, uniqueness and continuability of solutions, their continuity and differentiability by parameter, Lyapunov stability, as well as with questions of the existence and uniqueness of the solution of the Cauchy problem for a partial differential equation of the first order.
Precise definitions are given, statements are carefully formulated and proved, the most important methods of solving problems are strictly justified. All the necessary theoretical information, related concepts and facts from related branches of mathematics are given. The tasks for independent solution are proposed, allowing to penetrate deeper into the read material. For students and postgraduates studying the classical theory of ordinary differential equations.
The textbook discusses the theoretical and substantive provisions of engineering geology and its scientific directions. Its structure consists of five parts. The first of them describes the theoretical foundations, content, structure and tasks of engineering geology, its position in the system of geological knowledge. The second, third and fourth parts set out the fundamental
positions, structure and content of three scientific areas of engineering geology: soil science, engineering geodynamics and regional engineering geology, respectively. In the final, fifth, part, the general provisions of the methodology of engineering-geological research, their implementation in
the system of engineering-geological surveys for construction are considered.
For students and postgraduates of classical, geological exploration and mining universities, as well as specialists related to the study of engineering and geological conditions and solving environmental problems.
The infusion of the textbook was installed by the vorosham ferry of Russia on this new technological intelligence. In NEM, in the case of considering a whole set of theoretical concepts within the framework of various types of Scales and resources and practical implementation, the day of innovative development is unwound. The introduction of innovations is considered as a process of "constructive dissemination", a residential innovation center, secured joint development of this environment necessary for an innovative economy. Special attention is paid to the national innovation system of Russia, the formation of innovative ecosystems and infrastructure elements, bringing and forms of implementation of useful innovation policy, tenders for practical technological development of countries. Soviet theory and practice are presented to you during the interaction, which is related to the requirements of the Federal level of education. Such a sub-year allows us to design coordinated problems of innovative development on the basis of the ray world and the resulting variant.
The publication is intended for students, postgraduates and doctoral students who are the most important acquisitions in management and socio-economic experience, as well as for those who do not practice innovation and humane management.
Keywords: innovation economy, targeted innovation system, innovation infrastructure, innovation ecosystem, human capital, scientific and technological development, universal innovation policy
The textbook presents modern data on the most common and rare infectious diseases of man, the history of their study, etiology, pathogenesis, clinic, diagnosis, treatment, epidemiology and prevention. It gives the materials necessary for a modern doctor to timely recognize an infectious disease and effectively treat the patient. It gives special attention to unsolved urgent issues of infectious pathology.
For students of medical universities and medical faculties of universities, as well as graduate students, clinical residents and general practitioners.
The peculiarity of this textbook on data Analysis is that the main attention is paid to those examples that, although using the correct theoretical models and methods, contain one or more widespread errors leading to incorrect conclusions. The necessary concepts for understanding the error are described in detail, the correct solution is shown, and alternative approaches to analyzing the situation based on data mining methods are presented.
The manual reveals the use of MS Excel, STATISTICA, Genehunter, FuzzyXl software products for various data analysis tasks: hypothesis testing, dependency search, trend highlighting, forecasting, and object clustering.
The textbook is recommended for sociologists, marketers, political scientists, specialists in finance, economics, management, public administration.
The textbook consists of two parts: the first and second half of the XIX century. Various areas of journalism, the content of literary, journalistic and satirical magazines, newspapers, illegal printing are considered. The journalistic activity of A.S.Pushkin, V.G.Belinsky, A.I.Herzen, N.A.Nekrasov, M.N.Katkov, F.M. is shown.Dostoevsky, M.E. Saltykov-Shchedrin, A.P. Chekhov, V.G.Korolenko, A.M. Gorky and other prominent literary figures of the XIX century.
For students of faculties and departments of journalism of higher educational institutions.
The proposed textbook systematically examines the history of Russian journalism at the beginning of the XX century. When describing the press of this period, magazines and newspapers, typological groups of publications, the author used the research of historians of Russian journalism, periodical press materials of the early 1900s, diaries and memoirs of public figures, writers and journalists. The textbook is supplemented with a textbook, which presents the most interesting publications of the studied period.
For students of journalism faculties and departments and anyone interested in the extraordinarily dramatic history of the press of the early XX century.
The book introduces the methods of stationary and non-stationary non-relativistic collision theory and serves to develop skills for their practical application in problems of modern physics. Special emphasis is placed on the methods and concepts used in the theory of collisions involving composite systems. The material is divided into lectures, at the end of each lecture exercises are given, selected so that the student, subject to consistent assimilation of the material, can do them independently.
The book will also be useful for graduate students and researchers specializing in atomic physics, nuclear and particle physics.
The textbook is based on the lecture notes of Academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences O.B.Lupanov on the course "Introduction to Mathematical Logic", read by him in the first year of the Faculty of Mechanics and Mathematics of Lomonosov Moscow State University in 1982-2006. The manual covers the following issues: functions of logic algebra, functions of multivalued logic, propositional calculus, logic and predicate calculus, logical networks, finite automata, algorithms and computable functions.
For undergraduate and graduate students.
The textbook of outstanding Russian psychologists Professor M. A. Gulina and academician Yu. P. Zinchenko contains information on key issues of methodology, theory and modern practice of psychological counseling.
The publication is intended for students studying in the enlarged groups of specialties and areas of training "Psychological sciences", "Education and Pedagogical Sciences", "Social sphere", as well as for teachers of psychology faculties of higher educational institutions and consulting practitioners.
The textbook includes the main sections of the general physics course taught to students of the Chemical Faculty of Moscow University: "Mechanics", "Electricity", "Vibrations and Waves", "Optics". When presenting the material, the authors distinguish definitions of physical concepts and formulations of laws. The sections "Vibrations and Waves" and "Optics" consistently implement a unified approach to mechanical and electromagnetic oscillatory and wave processes. At the same time, special attention is paid to issues of greatest interest to future chemists, in particular molecular vibrations, optical phenomena used in modern experimental research methods (refractometry, spectroscopy, polarization techniques, etc.).
The publication is intended for students of chemical faculties of universities, and can also be useful for a wide range of students of physical and chemical specialties of universities of natural science profile.
The book contains a course of lectures on the classical foundations of plasma astrophysics, a fundamental science that studies mainly electromagnetic processes and phenomena in cosmic plasma. The lectures everywhere demonstrate common features and fundamental differences in plasma properties due to electromagnetic and gravitational interactions. There is not and cannot be a simple unified model of plasma in an infinite variety of astronomical conditions. The idea of this course of lectures is atypical for most textbooks on plasma astrophysics. It consists in a consistent consideration of physical principles, starting with the most general, most accurate and simplifying assumptions that allow us to find simple ways to describe plasma in astrophysical conditions. On this path — from the general to the particular — in this textbook, the boundaries of the applicability of the next, simpler approximation from a physical point of view and from the point of view of its possible applications are specially outlined everywhere.
The book is devoted to the application of the theory of linear non-stationary systems to the problems of stabilization of stationary movements of a satellite near the center of mass under the action of magnetic moments of various nature. An original rigorous analytical approach to the study of linear non-stationary systems of a special class is proposed. Solutions to a number of specific stabilization tasks based on this approach are presented.
The book will be useful for graduate students and students of Moscow State University, as well as teachers and researchers dealing with issues of dynamics and management.
The textbook on literary editing summarizes the experience of practical classes with students and lectures delivered by the author at the Faculty of Journalism of Lomonosov Moscow State University. The purpose of the book is to help comprehend the editorial work on the text from the standpoint of modern philological concepts and practical tasks of the editor of mass media.
For teachers and students of journalism faculties, editors of mass media materials, practical journalists.
The educational publication, which has been steadily produced since 2015, examines general theoretical issues of classification and indication of media systems, historical stages of development and formation of the domestic media system; characterizes the legal field in which it functions. The book examines various segments of the Russian media system: print media, television, radio, online media, social media, news agencies, the film industry, advertising and public relations. The technological, economic, organizational, structural and content aspects of each segment are analyzed. Special attention is paid to the media audience. The textbook contains a large amount of statistical material.
For teachers and students of journalism faculties, researchers, media workers.
The textbook contains up-to-date information about the principles and methods of soil reclamation in different natural zones, the relationship of reclamation measures with the soil cover and the adequacy of reclamation methods to the natural conditions of the landscape. New methods of reclamation of the properties and regimes of saline soils, stony, swampy and boggy soils, soda soils, sulfide, gypsum, carbonate salinization, etc. are considered. The composition of the necessary measures for the environmental protection of reclaimed soils and landscapes from degradation changes is given. The issues of soil reclamation are considered.
For students and postgraduates-soil scientists, ecologists, agrochemists, agronomists.
The textbook discusses the causes of organizational changes, the tasks of change management managers, methods for diagnosing organizations and identifying areas of need for changes. The main theoretical approaches and models of change management, methods of their planning and sequence of actions for their implementation, as well as a wide range of problems associated with changes are presented: the perception of changes by personnel, the reasons for resistance to changes and methods of overcoming it, the formation of change management teams, strategies for their implementation. The features of changes in the organizational structure, culture of the organization, ways of radical changes and management of changes in a crisis are considered.
For Master's degree students studying in management specialties.
The textbook covers the main issues of the petrology of metamorphic and metasomatic rocks and impactites and analyzes the main types and factors of metamorphic processes. Based on the physicochemical analysis of mineral parageneses, it describes the most important mineral associations that arise under metamorphism and provides the formational analysis of metamorphic rocks.
For students and postgraduates of geological and geochemical specialties.
The book contains about a thousand tasks that can be used in the study of algebra in both regular and specialized physics and mathematics classes and in preparation for the Unified State Exam and other exams and mathematical Olympiads up to the highest level. It can serve as an addition to the well-known problem books used in secondary and higher school.
It contains collections of problems on the main topics studied at school: algebraic and trigonometric equations and systems, solving algebraic and trigonometric inequalities, proving inequalities, complex numbers. The issues that go beyond the scope of the school curriculum, but accessible to the understanding of schoolchildren, are considered. The necessary theoretical information is presented in the form of task cycles.
The book contains both easy and difficult problems that were offered at mathematical Olympiads at one time or contain non-trivial facts from theory that go beyond the scope of the program. Some tasks are left without instructions and solutions, teachers can use them for training exams and Olympiads.
The book is of interest to both schoolchildren and students, teachers and all lovers of mathematics.
The proposed determinant based on modern ideas about the systematics of lichens makes it possible to make up for the lack of knowledge of these organisms in swamp ecosystems. The first sections provide brief information about the biology, ecology, practical significance of lichens, and methods of study necessary for the identification of species. In the main part, various keys are given for determining lichens (genera, lichen species, taking into account their substrate confinement and in the absence of fruit bodies); diagnoses of 107 genera are given, before which keys are given for determining the species of these genera, as well as diagnoses of 345 species. After the name of the species, its synonyms are given, and after the diagnosis of the species, the types of swamps and the substrates on which these taxa occur in swamps are indicated.
The determinant is designed for botanists, geographers, employees of specially protected natural areas, students, postgraduates, as well as nature lovers interested in lichens.
The textbook discusses the composition and structure of the underground hydrosphere, types of groundwater and conditions of their formation, the principles of hydrogeological zoning and the main types of hydrogeological areas problems of use and protection of groundwater: fresh mineral therapeutic, industrial and thermal power, as well as methods of field hydrogeological work, widely used in various types of research and surveys.
For students studying in the direction of "Geology", it can be used when reading the course "Hydrogeology" ("General Hydrogeology") to students of the specialties "Hydrology" and "Geoecology" of geographical faculties of universities, as well as for students studying in the specialty "Prospecting and exploration of groundwater and engineering geological surveys" of technical universities.
The physical foundations of low-energy neutron scattering methods for studying the structure and dynamics of matter in a condensed state are described. The textbook is written on the basis of courses of lectures given by the authors at the Faculty of Physics of Lomonosov Moscow State University.
The book consists of three parts. The first part contains a consistent presentation of the principles of the theory of low-energy neutron scattering. The second part is devoted to the methods of obtaining and forming neutron beams, as well as their registration. The third part is devoted to basic experimental methods of neutronography, describes the principles of the device of experimental installations and measurements, as well as methods of interpretation of experimental data based on the theory described in the first part.
For students, postgraduates and researchers working or beginning to work in the field of research of physical, chemical and biological systems at the microscopic level.
As part of the curriculum, this textbook provides a fairly general, complete basic understanding of the basic (including classical) physiological concepts and principles used in the study of the blood coagulation system. The application of modern biochemical approaches to solving the problem of physiological regulation of the blood coagulation system makes it possible to understand the mechanisms of interaction between the processes of coagulation and anticoagulation.
The textbook consists of two parts, the first of which covers modern theoretical concepts of the physiological foundations of blood clotting processes occurring in the body, their relationship with the function of the body's anticoagulation system. The second part is devoted to the practical application of the theoretical knowledge on hemostasis and includes the implementation of tasks in the direction of professional activity of students who study primary and plasma hemostasis, humoral agents of the anticoagulation system of the blood, the relationship of the coagulation and insulin systems of the body. This is the most important difference between this textbook and other books on the physiology and biochemistry of blood clotting.
The textbook examines the current state of the hemostasis system and introduces readers to blood research methods used in physiological and biochemical laboratories and medical practice.
It is intended for students and teachers of biological and medical universities, researchers, doctors.
The textbook provides a complete course in basic physical geochemistry. It considers the subject and methods of physical geochemistry as a science of the physicochemical regularities of mineral, rock and ore formation and gives general points of the thermodynamics of equilibrium natural systems, which are a special type of systems with completely mobile components. It derives main thermodynamic relationships that characterize natural processes and shows their application.
The book gives a detailed description of the questions of theory, topology, methods for constructing diagrams used in geochemistry, petrology, and the theory of mineral deposits.
For students, graduate students and all specialists involved in the study of physical and chemical regularities of natural processes.
The textbook (its first edition was published in 1997) presents a picture of the organic world of the past as it came into existence 3.8 billion years ago. It outlines general provisions and basic concepts of paleontology including the history of paleontology, types of fossil preservation, evolution patterns; habitat, organisms’ conditions and life in marine and terrestrial environments; bionomics of the World Ocean; biomineralization and fossilization; the role of organisms in sedimentation and rock formation; importance of paleontology for geological and biological sciences.
The systematic part of the book contains a description of 30 types, 58 classes and 132 orders of the five kingdoms (bacteria, cyanobionts, plants, fungi and animals), and 6 major mammal families for vertebrates. The final part deals with the evolution of the organic world from the Archeozoic era to the present day and examines in detail the Paleozoic, Mesozoic and Cenozoic periods.
All the sections are accompanied by a set of tasks, exercises and a variety of illustrative material including four fly-leave illustrations, 335 drawings (often composite), 33 tables and 26 diagrams.
For students and teachers of geology, geography and biology at universities and colleges as well as for museum workers and all lovers of paleontology.
The fourth edition of ‘Practical Course in General Chemistry’ prepared by the author's team under the guidance of Professor S.F. Dunaev presents a wide range of practical tasks and tests that fully correspond to the course curricula of general and inorganic chemistry for non-chemical specialties at Moscow State University and other classical universities. The distinctive feature of this training manual is that it provides a wide representation of the chemistry of the elements. It envisages the use of modern equipment and modern methods of calculation and report in order to perform its tasks and tests. Every college and university and secondary specialized educational institution that teaches general and inorganic chemistry can use this training manual.