This book is a fundamental textbook (in two volumes) on biophysics, which presents the basics of modern biophysical science.
The first volume sets forth the theoretical foundations of biophysics. It places special emphasis on the problems of mathematical modeling of biological processes at different levels of living matter organization. It considers physical features, dynamic and electronic properties of the structural unit of living matter – the macromolecule as well as physicochemical mechanisms of energy transformation in biostructures.
The second volume (Chapters 15–30) deals with the physicochemical mechanisms of major processes that occur in organisms. It discusses in detail the issues of biological membrane structure and functioning, bioelectrogenesis, muscle contraction, reception, electron transfer and energy transformation in biomembranes. It considers the mechanisms of primary phases of photobiological processes including photosynthesis, sense of vision, photochemical reactions in biopolymers.
For students, postgraduates and multi-discipline specialists who are interested in the physicochemical foundations of life processes.
The textbook was created based on the periodically reprinted ‘Lecture Course in Lower Plants’. Unlike the previous edition, the current one excludes sections dealing with the description of viruses and bacteria, but instead it has added a new section, which sets out the rules of botanical taxonomy and the ABC of botanical Latin. The systems of individual groups of organisms traditionally referred to as ‘lower plants’ (algae, fungi, lichens, myxomycetes) have undergone significant changes due to modern methods used in biochemistry, cytology and molecular biology. This fact finds its reflection in the book. More attention is paid to the cytology, physiology, ecology and practical use of ‘lower plants’. The set of described species and the scheme of their description have been left largely unchanged.
For students of universities and teacher-training colleges, it will also be useful for undergraduates and postgraduates of agriculture, medicine and veterinary, as well as for everyone who is interested in fungi, algae and lichens.
This is a systematic presentation of the course in the line of solid-phase materials with special properties, which is read at the Faculty of Materials Science, Lomonosov Moscow State University. It considers features of the chemical bond and structure of solids, thermodynamics, kinetics, and the mechanism of solid-phase reactions leading to the formation of practically important materials and gives an overview of the main classes of modern materials and methods for obtaining them. The book reflects many years of experience in teaching this discipline at the Faculty of Materials Science and the Faculty of Chemistry, Lomonosov Moscow State University.
For university students of materials science, chemistry and physics; it will be useful for graduate students, teachers and specialists working in the field of materials science, chemistry and solid-state physics.
The textbook examines factors and general patterns of geographical distribution of soils, principles of pedogeographical zoning. It characterizes the soil cover of Russia and neighboring countries and describes conditions of soil formation, genetic features of the most widespread soils and regional features of the soil cover structure and specificity of economic use of soils. The book outlines the world history of soil mapping, gives a brief overview of the soil cover in the world’s pedological and bioclimatic belts and regions and analyzes the land resources of Russia and the world, ways of soil cover rational use and protection.
For students of university faculties of soil, biology and soil and geography and natural sciences and the geographical faculties of teacher-training colleges, faculties of agrochemistry and soil science in agricultural universities.
This textbook (its first edition was in 2000, the second one – in 2004) covers all major questions of oil and gas geology and geochemistry – hydrocarbon origin, migration and accumulation, the composition of gas, oil and its derivatives and their distribution conditions in the earth's crust. Hydrocarbon formation is considered as a pervasive process and a natural outcome of the development of the earth's crust. Particular attention is paid to the role of fluid dynamic processes in the formation of oil- and gas-bearing structures in sedimentary basins. Typification of sedimentary basins is based on modern geodynamics using the latest ideas about the structure of the earth's crust and the nonlinear processes of tectogenesis and lithogenesis. The book highlights the role oil and gas play in the economy, fuel and energy balance of the world and the country.
For university students studying in the specialty ‘Geology and geochemistry of fossil fuels.’
The textbook presents modern data on the most common and rare infectious diseases of man, the history of their study, etiology, pathogenesis, clinic, diagnosis, treatment, epidemiology and prevention. It gives the materials necessary for a modern doctor to timely recognize an infectious disease and effectively treat the patient. It gives special attention to unsolved urgent issues of infectious pathology.
For students of medical universities and medical faculties of universities, as well as graduate students, clinical residents and general practitioners.
The textbook is based on the material of the annual course of lectures on probability theory and mathematical statistics, which for many years was read to second-year students of the Faculty of Computational Mathematics and Cybernetics of Moscow State University. It begins with the description of the case of finite probability spaces, which makes it possible to prove meaningful theorems with relatively simple means. Next, it outlines the general foundations of probability theory, considers limit theorems, convergence of sequences and series of random variables. The last chapters are devoted to problems of mathematical statistics. Particular attention is paid to estimates of probabilities in the form of approximate formulas or in the form of inequalities. The textbook contains many examples for the basic concepts of probability theory and mathematical statistics.
It is recommended for students studying ‘Applied Mathematics and Informatics’, ‘Fundamental Informatics and Information Technologies’ courses.
The textbook covers the main issues of the petrology of metamorphic and metasomatic rocks and impactites and analyzes the main types and factors of metamorphic processes. Based on the physicochemical analysis of mineral parageneses, it describes the most important mineral associations that arise under metamorphism and provides the formational analysis of metamorphic rocks.
For students and postgraduates of geological and geochemical specialties.
The tutorial book is based on 5th (2001) edition of "Meteorology and climatology" by Prof. S.P. Chromov and Prof. M.A. Petrossiants, which has been rewritten and contributed by Prof. Petrossiants. A selection of the papers presented before was extemally reviewed and, along with additional articles, represent the contemporary understanding of atmosphere circulation processes, resent problems of anthropogenic effect on global climat and various aspects of climate change in the future and the past, atmospheric radiation, temperature and precipitation regime etc.
For students, graduate students and scientists specializing in the field of meteorology and climatology.
The book (the first and second editions were published by the Higher School Publishing House in 1996 and 2002, respectively) completes the line of textbooks on ‘Molecular Biology’ (‘Molecular Biology: The Structure of the Ribosome and the Protein Biosynthesis’- 1986, ‘Molecular Biology. Structure and Biosynthesis of Nucleic Acids’ - 1989). It examines major elements of protein structure and functioning, all levels of structure organization of these biopolymers and discusses the specifics of functioning of the most important protein types – transport and fibrillar enzymes. The book briefly considers the properties of amino acids and peptides, post-translational modification reactions.
The textbook deals with the history of the development of geomorphological science and provides general information on landscape and factors that determine the formation of topographic features; it describes endogenous and exogenous processes and the topographic features they create. Much attention is paid to slope processes, as well as geomorphological processes occurring on the World Ocean floor. The third edition incorporates changes and additions made in accordance with the latest achievements of science and includes graphical appendixes.
For university students of geography, geology, mining and a wide range of specialists in the Earth’s topography and its evolution.
The textbook provides a complete course in basic physical geochemistry. It considers the subject and methods of physical geochemistry as a science of the physicochemical regularities of mineral, rock and ore formation and gives general points of the thermodynamics of equilibrium natural systems, which are a special type of systems with completely mobile components. It derives main thermodynamic relationships that characterize natural processes and shows their application.
The book gives a detailed description of the questions of theory, topology, methods for constructing diagrams used in geochemistry, petrology, and the theory of mineral deposits.
For students, graduate students and all specialists involved in the study of physical and chemical regularities of natural processes.
The textbook (its first edition was published in 1997) presents a picture of the organic world of the past as it came into existence 3.8 billion years ago. It outlines general provisions and basic concepts of paleontology including the history of paleontology, types of fossil preservation, evolution patterns; habitat, organisms’ conditions and life in marine and terrestrial environments; bionomics of the World Ocean; biomineralization and fossilization; the role of organisms in sedimentation and rock formation; importance of paleontology for geological and biological sciences.
The systematic part of the book contains a description of 30 types, 58 classes and 132 orders of the five kingdoms (bacteria, cyanobionts, plants, fungi and animals), and 6 major mammal families for vertebrates. The final part deals with the evolution of the organic world from the Archeozoic era to the present day and examines in detail the Paleozoic, Mesozoic and Cenozoic periods.
All the sections are accompanied by a set of tasks, exercises and a variety of illustrative material including four fly-leave illustrations, 335 drawings (often composite), 33 tables and 26 diagrams.
For students and teachers of geology, geography and biology at universities and colleges as well as for museum workers and all lovers of paleontology.
The fourth edition of ‘Practical Course in General Chemistry’ prepared by the author's team under the guidance of Professor S.F. Dunaev presents a wide range of practical tasks and tests that fully correspond to the course curricula of general and inorganic chemistry for non-chemical specialties at Moscow State University and other classical universities. The distinctive feature of this training manual is that it provides a wide representation of the chemistry of the elements. It envisages the use of modern equipment and modern methods of calculation and report in order to perform its tasks and tests. Every college and university and secondary specialized educational institution that teaches general and inorganic chemistry can use this training manual.
The textbook deals with the history, specific features and public functions of radio broadcasting, its place in the mass media system, the structure of its expressive means, radio broadcasting program genres and forms, questions of the methodology of the radio journalist's work both when broadcasting live and recording programs for future broadcasts as well as the typology of radio broadcasting organizations that has been established in Russia and abroad. It provides the first ever summary of foreign experience, international broadcasting experience and forms and methods of radio audiences surveys.
For students of journalism and television practitioners.